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Stuart Batterman

Stuart Batterman, Ph.D.

Professor, Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health

Professor, Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, College of Engineering

Professor, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Coimbra, Portugal

M6075 SPH II      Vcard icon
1415 Washington Heights
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2029

Office: (734) 763-2417; Fax: (734) 936-7283

E-mail: stuartb@umich.edu

Website(s): Research Lab: Exposure and Environmental Impact Assessment; The Center for Occupational Health and Safety Engineering; Bicycle Racks and Parking in Downtowns

Curriculum Vitae (PDF)

Professional Summary

Dr. Batterman's research and teaching interests address environmental impact assessment, human exposure and health risk assessment, and environmental management. His research addresses both theoretical work and applied laboratory and field studies. He is particularly interested in improving exposure measures that can be used in risk assessments and epidemiological studies; measuring toxic compounds including volatile organic compounds (VOCs) found as pollutants in drinking water, ambient and indoor air, and statistical and modeling methods that can be used to interpret and extend available measurements. His research is applied to contemporary problems including ambient and indoor air quality, environmental epidemiology, policy analysis, environmental engineering, environmental justice, and life cycle analysis. His international projects include training and research programs in the environmental sciences and engineering in Africa (especially South Africa) and Europe (especially Portugal, Russia and Finland). He directs the Hazardous Substances Academic Training Program and the Pilot Project Research Program in the NIOSH-supported Education and Resource Center.

Courses Taught

EHS572: Environmental Impact Assessment (NRE 514)
EHS680: Environmental Management of Hazardous Substances

Education

Ph.D., Water Resources & Environmental Engineering (Civil Engineering), Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1986
M.S., Water Resources & Environmental Engineering (Civil Engineering), Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1981
B.S., Environmental Sciences, Rutgers University, 1979

Research Interests & Projects

> > Batterman Lab - Exposure and Environmental Impact Assessment (Leader)

Our teaching and research address a wide range of topics in occupational, indoor and environmental settings. Topics include exposure assessment (especially for particulate matter and volatile organic compounds or VOCs); emerging contaminants in occupational, ecological and environmental settings (e.g., brominated flame retardants); biological monitoring (e.g., blood, breath); air quality monitoring (indoor, outdoor); air pollution control engineering (e.g., vapor and particle air filtration); and environmental epidemiology. Other research activities include characterization of VOCs and SVOCs in air, soils and ... More >>

Exposure and Environmental Impact Assessment 

> > Loch-Caruso Lab - Pollutants and Parturition (Member)

The Loch-Caruso Lab is interested in toxicants as potential risks for normal and timely childbirth. Working with cell, tissue and animal experimental models, our work focuses on mechanisms by which environmental chemical exposures modify cellular and physiological processess involved in parturition. Using multip-disciplinary approaches that span molecular biology to human subjects research, current studies focus on toxicant- and infection-stimulated inflammation.... More >>

Pollutants and Parturition 

> > The Detroit Asthma Morbidity, Air Quality and Traffic (DAMAT) Study (Principal Investigator)

This study will develop and evaluate a direct health indicator of pediatric asthma morbidity resulting from exposure to ambient air pollutants using an epidemiological approach that merges existing datasets and incorporates population susceptibility, exposure patterns, and other local conditions. ... More >>

The Detroit Asthma Morbidity, Air Quality and Traffic (DAMAT) Study 

> > Relationship Between Personal Exposures to VOCs and Behavioral, Socioeconomic, Demographic Characteristics: Analysis of the NHANES VOC Project Data Set (Principal Investigator)

The goals of this project are to characterize the distribution of exposures to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) measured as part of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) population.... More >>

Relationship Between Personal Exposures to VOCs and Behavioral, Socioeconomic, Demographic Characteristics:  Analysis of the NHANES VOC Project Data Set  

> > Sources, Transport and Impacts of PBDEs In The Russian Arctic (Principal Investigator)

This partnership between UM and Centre for Environmental Chemistry in Obninsk, Russia will address the migration and impacts of persistent organic pollutants in the Arctic region.... More >>

Sources, Transport and Impacts of PBDEs In The Russian Arctic 

> > Emissions of Brominated Flame Retardants (BFRs) from Industrial and Commercial Sources in the Great Lakes Region (Principal Investigator)

This research aims to better understand the distribution of mobile BFRs in residential, commercial and industrial buildings and to estimate emissions from urban sources into ambient air that may ultimately be deposited into the Great Lakes region... More >>

Emissions of Brominated Flame Retardants (BFRs) from Industrial and Commercial Sources in the Great Lakes Region  

> > Emissions of PBDEs from Urban Sources in the Great Lakes Region (Principal Investigator)

This research aims to better understand the emissions of PBDEs from residential buildings and to estimate emissions from urban sources into ambient air that may ultimately be deposited into the Great Lakes region... More >>

Emissions of PBDEs from Urban Sources in the Great Lakes Region 

> > The Health Status and Risk Factors Associated With Adverse Health Outcomes Among The Durban South Community Durban Metro, South Africa (Principal Investigator)

The objectives of this study are to (1) determine the health status of the Durban South residents, with specific reference to respiratory health outcomes and other chronic diseases and to determine the relationship between environmental pollution, these health outcomes and the quality of life within this community, particularly among susceptible populations, and (2) to describe the range of ambient exposures and to assess the potential risks posed by such exposures to the health of the community in the Durban South.... More >>

The Health Status and Risk Factors Associated With Adverse Health Outcomes Among The Durban South Community Durban Metro, South Africa 

> > Understanding Exposure to Volatile Organic Air Toxics (Principal Investigator)

This research characterizes the distributions and determinants of air pollutant exposures of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in representative urban populations along an urban/industrial gradient, and investigates microenvironments and other factors affecting exposures... More >>

Understanding Exposure to Volatile Organic Air Toxics 

> > Health and Environmental Impacts of Alternative (Biofuel) Fuels (Principal Investigator)

This project has the objective of understanding the emissions and impacts of trace organic compounds associated with alternative fuels. It includes an experimental program designed to fill existing data gaps regarding toxic emissions, exposures and risks of biofuels, combined with a modeling/analysis program to explore large scale impacts, risks and policies... More >>

Health and Environmental Impacts of Alternative (Biofuel) Fuels  

> > High Resolution Breath Monitoring of VOC Mixtures (Principal Investigator)

The objective of this pilot research project is to improve breath monitoring instrumentation and to demonstrate its application to VOC mixtures in occupational settings... More >>

High Resolution Breath Monitoring of VOC Mixtures 

> > Emission and Permeation Characteristics of Biofuels: Potential for Worker Exposure (Principal Investigator)

This pilot project is aimed at enhancing the vapor profiles of biofuels through volatilization, to understand the permeability of biofuel through different elastomers and to evaluate the respiratory exposure of employees in the biorefinery plants.... More >>

Emission and Permeation Characteristics of Biofuels:  Potential for Worker Exposure 

> > Energy for Sustainability (Principal Investigator)

This multidisciplinary program is an initiative of the University of Coimbra (UC), bringing together faculty from Engineering, Economics, Architecture and other programs in the areas of energy and sustainable development. The program aims at transferring knowledge to society through interaction with policy makers, managers, and technicians in positions of responsibility throughout multiple sectors of activity. To keep a strong link with real-world problems, the EfS initiative engages companies and other organizations that identify with its purposes. The University ... More >>

Energy for Sustainability 

> > Sustainable Control of Water-Associated Diseases: A Systems Approach (Principal Investigator)

In this project, we are coordinating a multidisciplinary group of faculty to: (1) Review the approaches used to evaluate and manage, hopefully in a sustainable manner, water-associated diseases. The review identifies some of the patterns and themes in the field, including unanticipated problems, complexity, and knowledge gaps; (2) Frames some of the issues, defines several key terms, and highlights some new approaches. Ultimately, we hope to provide a rigorous framework and methodology that is broadly applicable ... More >>

Sustainable Control of Water-Associated Diseases: A Systems Approach 

> > Mozambique Program for Healthcare facility waste treatment (Principal Investigator)

This project is upgrading the waste management and control program for hospital and medical waste in Mozambique, a part of the JHPIEGO Mozambique Program in infection prevention and controlIn health care settings, occupational exposure to blood and body fluids puts health care providers at risk of infection with blood-borne pathogens, such as hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HIV. Of the 35 million health workers worldwide, about three million are exposed to such pathogens each year through ... More >>

Mozambique Program for Healthcare facility waste treatment 

> > VOC and PAH Exposure and Health Effects Among Workers at Petrochemical Processes (Principal Investigator)

This project is aimed at characterizing and controlling exposures at petroleum refineries in India, and will develop capacity for advanced methods at the National Institute of Occupational Health in Meghaninagar, Ahmedabad. Currently there are 17 oil refineries producing a total of 127 million tons per year of petroleum products in India. The single private sector facility - and the largest -- is in Jamnagar, Gujarat State, producing 27 million tons per year. All refinieries are increasing production. ... More >>

VOC and PAH Exposure and Health Effects Among Workers at Petrochemical Processes 

> > Role of Diesel and Other Vehicular Exhaust in Exacerbation of Childhood Asthma (Co-Principal Investigator)

This project examines the relationship between ambient and indoor exposure to diesel exhaust and other air pollutants and the response of children with asthma living in the Detroit area.... More >>

Role of Diesel and Other Vehicular Exhaust in Exacerbation of Childhood Asthma 

> > Sustainable Infrastructure Materials and Systems: Integration of Microstructure Tailoring and Life Cycle Analysis of Engineered Cementitious Composites (Co-Principal Investigator)

This work considers a new class of materials known as engineered cementitious composites (ECC) that can enhance the sustainability of bridge, road and pipe infrastructure. It explores impacts on sustainability performance of concrete replacement with ECC, material sourcing alternatives (e.g., superquarries vs. smaller mines), and location of infrastructure projects (e.g., urban vs. rural, and U.S. vs. China).... More >>

Sustainable Infrastructure Materials and Systems: Integration of Microstructure Tailoring and Life Cycle Analysis of Engineered Cementitious Composites 

> > Michigan Education and Research Center in Occupational and Environmental Health (Co-Principal Investigator)

This training grant addresses the need for occupational safety and health professionals who specialize in hazardous substances and provides training for students in Industrial Hygiene and Environmental Health Sciences, faculty development and course revision. Prof. Batterman is director of Hazardous Substances Academic Training Program component of ERC Center grant.... More >>

Michigan Education and Research Center in Occupational and Environmental Health  

> > PBDE concentrations in human gestational tissues (Co-Principal Investigator)

The aim is to quantify partitioning of PBDEs into human placenta, extra-placental maternal/fetal membranes and umbilical cord blood in the general population.... More >>

PBDE concentrations in human gestational tissues 

> > Role of Diesel and Other Vehicular Exhaust in Exacerbation of Childhood Asthma (Co-Principal Investigator)

The burden of childhood asthma disproportionately affects children living in poverty and in urban centers, many of whom are minority ethnic groups. For those living in urban environments with high traffic densities, there is increasing concern about potential adverse respiratory health effects of exposure to diesel and other vehicular exhaust. Epidemiologic studies have shown associations between exposure to high traffic volumes, and especially to high truck traffic -- the main source of diesel exhaust in urban settings -- ... More >>

Role of Diesel and Other Vehicular Exhaust in Exacerbation of Childhood Asthma 

> > A Community Based Participatory Research Intervention for Childhood Asthma Using Air Filters and Air Conditioners (Co-Principal Investigator)

Asthma is the most common chronic disease of childhood in the United States. Many important triggers of asthma, including allergens and airborne particulate matter (PM), occur in the indoor environment. This intervention is a randomized controlled trial of the efficacy of air filters (AFs) alone, and AFs together with air conditioners (ACs), to reduce indoor PM and improve health status of children with asthma above and beyond a standard community health worker home visit intervention. The specific aims are ... More >>

A Community Based Participatory Research Intervention for Childhood Asthma Using Air Filters and Air Conditioners 

> > The South Durban Health Study (Co-Principal Investigator)

This study is investigating associations between exposures to common ambient air pollutants and respiratory health status (symptom prevalences and pulmonary function measures) in children living in both industrialized and non-industrialized areas of a large metropolitan city in South Africa. The South Durban Industrial Basin is a residential-industrial complex which arose during an era of racist (apartheid) governmental planning. One of the highest concentrations of industrial activity in Africa including two large petroleum refineries, sugar, paper and pulp mills, ... More >>

The South Durban Health Study 

> > The Settlers Primary School Study. (Co-Principal Investigator)

Our group conducted this study, the first ever to investigate associations between exposures to common ambient air pollutants and respiratory health status conducted among children in the South Durban industrial basin. ... More >>

 

> > University of Michigan/Fogarty International Center Southern Africa Program in Environmental and Occupational Health (Co-Principal Investigator)

Our group has been continually funded by the Fogarty International Center since 1996 to strengthen capacity through training and research in Environmental and Occupational Health (EOH) in the 14-nation Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) region. The major strategy for sustainable capacity building is to leverage regional strengths in South Africa to support the development of academic research and training Centers of Excellence in EOH in Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique. Methods of capacity strengthening include funding students in ... More >>

University of Michigan/Fogarty International Center Southern Africa Program in Environmental and Occupational Health 

> > The University of Michigan Education and Research Center (Co-Principal Investigator)

The University of Michigan Center for Occupational Health and Safety Engineering (COHSE), a NIOSH-funded Education and Research Center (ERC), provides comprehensive professional and research training in Industrial Hygiene (IH), Occupational Health Nursing (OHN), Occupational Safety Engineering and Ergonomics (OSE), Hazardous Substances Academic Training (HSAT), Occupational Epidemiology (OE), and Pilot Project Research Training (PPRT). We have functioned as an ERC since 1982. The ERC provide direct funding of Masters and doctoral students, as well as pilot research projects, and generally ... More >>

The University of Michigan Education and Research Center 

Selected Publications

Search PubMed for publications by Stuart Batterman >>

Charles, S.M., Batterman, S., Jia, C. and Godwin, C. (2008). VOC and Particulate Emissions from Commercial Cigarettes: Analysis of 2,5-DMF as ETS Tracer Environmental Science and Technology, 42, 1324-1331.

Jia, C., Batterman, S. and Godwin, C. (2008). VOCs in Industrial, Urban and Suburban Neighborhoods: Part I: Indoor and Outdoor Concentrations, Variation, and Risk Drivers Atmospheric Environment, 2083-2100.

Jia, C., Batterman, S. and Godwin, C. (2008). VOCs in Industrial, Urban and Surburban Neigborhoods: Part 2: Factors Affecting Indoor and Outdoor Concentrations Atmospheric Environment, 2101-2116.

Le, H.Q., Batterman, S. and Wahl, RL. (2007). Reproducibility and Imputation of Air Toxics Data Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 1358-1372.

Jia, C., Batterman, S. and Godwin, C. (2007). Continuous, Intermittent and Passive Sampling of Airborne VOCs Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 9/19, 1220-1230.

Batterman, S, Chernyak, S., Gwynn, E., Cantonwine, D., Jia, C. Begnoche, L. and Hickey, J.P. (2007). Trends of Brominated Diphenyl Ethers in Fresh and Archived Great Lakes Fish (1979-2005) Chemosphere, 69, 444-457.

Zhong, Q, Veeneman, R., Steinecker, W.H., Jia, C. Batterman, S.A. and Zellers, E.T. (2007). Rapid Determination of ETS Markers with a Prototype Field-Portable GC Employing a Microsensor Array Detector Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 9, 440-8.

Charles, S.M., Batterman, S. and Jia, C. (2007). VOC Compositions and Emissions of Main- and Side-Stream Cigarette Smoke Atmospheric Environment, 41, 5371-84.

Additional Information

  • Associate Editor, ASCE Journal of Environmental Engineering (2002-5)
  • Faculty Associate, Program in the Environment, University of Michigan (2008-present)
  • Associate Editor, Journal of Environment and Public Health (2008-present)
  • Honorary Professor, Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Medical School, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa (nominated)